The CMC came into existence on 1 January 2002 with the merger of the Criminal Justice Commission (CJC) and the Queensland Crime Commission (QCC). The CJC had been established to help restore confidence in our public institutions after the revelations of the 1987–89 Fitzgerald Inquiry into police corruption. The inquiry also led to the creation of the Queensland witness protection service within the CJC.
For several years, in addition to investigating police and public sector misconduct, the CJC worked with the police to investigate organised and major crime. In 1997 this crime function was taken over by the newly formed QCC, which was also tasked with investigating paedophilia.
In 2001 the Queensland Government decided to form a single body to fight crime and public sector misconduct — the Crime and Misconduct Commission, a statutory body created under the Crime and Misconduct Act 2001.